Aisha Radi Allahu anhu (the correct spelling is Radiyallahu Anha which means may Allah be Pleased with her) was one of the beloved wives of prophet Muhammad SAW.
Her full name is Aisha Bint Abu Bakr, and she is the youngest and most knowledgeable wife of the messenger of Allah.
Here, we will learn about her biography, education and upbringing, contribution in the Field of Knowledge and her death.
Aisha Radi Allahu Anhu in Arabic
Here is how to write Aisha Radiyallahu Anha in Arabic
عائشة رضي الله عنها
Meaning: May Allah be pleased with her
Aisha Radi Allahu Anhu Father
Aisha Radiyallahu Anha was the daughter of Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq Radiyallahu Anhu, the Prophet’s closest friend and the first rightly-guided caliph after the death of the Prophet.
Aisha Radi Allahu Anhu Nickname
The nickname of Aisha Radiyallahu Anha or her own kunyah (on honorific of paternity) was Umm Abdullah. She had no children of her own, and her kunyah was based on the name of her sister Asmaa’s son, Abdullah.
Aisha Radi Allahu Anhu Biography
Aisha Radiyallahu Anha was born in Makkah eight or nine years before the Hijrah. Her mother was called Umm Rooman. Aisha was known as As-siddeeqah and was, like all of the Prophetls wives, addressed as the Mother of the Believers.
She used to say that ever since she recognized her parents, she had known them to be Muslims.
Great people reveal their greatness in their behaviour and manners even in their childhood. Aisha manners were excellent.
Children ore generally fond of toys and games, and so was Aisha . She would collect the girls of her age in the neighbourhood and play with them.
If the Prophet SAW happened to pass by their merry group, they would hide their play. She was particularly fond of toys.
One of her toys was a horse with two wings. The Prophet SAW asked her once what it was. She replied it was a horse.
He said that horses did not have wings, but she retorted that Prophet Suloyman had winged horses.
This reply which was a clear sign of her sharp intelligence made the Prophet smile.
The Prophets first wife was Khadijah bint Khuwwaylid Radiyallahu Anha. She lived with him for twenty-five years until her death at the age of sixty-five.
The Prophet SAW was then fifty years of age. She remained deeply devoted to him and morally supported him throughout her life.
Her death, about three years before the Hijrah so deeply affected him that his companions always referred to that year as ‘the year of grief’.
Khadeejah was indeed a worthy wife, and even though the Prophet SAW was fifteen years younger than her, he never thought of marrying another woman as long as she was alive.
After Khadeejah’s death, the Prophet married Sawdah bint Zam’ah, widow of a companion, as-Sakraan ibn Amr, and then, three years later, after the Battle of Badr, he married Aisha Radiyallahu Anha.
During the years of her married life, Aaishah made the Prophet very happy. In return, she found all the happiness and satisfaction which a woman would expect from her marriage.
Aisha stayed with her parents for three years, after the marriage ceremony, of which two years and three months were spent in Makkah and nine months in Madeenah after the Hijrah.
When the Muslims were all settled in Madeenah, Abu Bakr reminded the Prophet to take his bride A’ishah home.
A’ishah herself stated that her dowry (mahr) was of the value of 500 dirhams (fifty dinars)•
The Prophet had no money to pay at that time, but Abu Bakr offered to give him a loan, which the Prophet accepted and sent to Aisha.
Education and Upbringing
Aisha’s real upbringing started after her marriage. She started learning to read and write and soon she could recite the Qur’on.
Apart from religious learning, Aisha acquired proficiency in history and literature from her father.
She learnt quite a few things about medicine as well. In fact she acquired about medical knowledge from the so many physicians of Arabia who visited the Prophet SAW.
She had learnt descriptions of various diseases and their remedies from them. She learnt about Islam from the Prophet SAW himself almost daily, and she would give weekly discourses to women who used to assemble at her house for the purpose.
Aisha’s Contribution in the Field of Knowledge
Aisha played a major role in the life of the Prophet. Her main contribution was in the area of religious knowledge.
She preserved for the Ummah (the Muslim Community) a good proportion of the wisdom of the Prophet.
In so doing, she become one of Islam’s leading jurists. Many prominent and learned companions of the Prophet sought knowledge from her.
Aisha Radi Allahu anhu Hadith
Aisha Radiyallahu Anha narrated many Hadith from the Prophet. She had on excellent grasp of the Quran and its meanings. More than perhaps anyone else, she kept a record of a great deal of the private life of the Prophet.
She witnessed and participated in a number of battles, alongside the Prophet SAW.
Prominent among them were the Battles of Uhud and Banu oi-Mustaliq.
Aisha’s love for charity and her preference of a simple life-style is a source of pride and inspiration to Muslim women of all generations.
She shunned the pomp and show of this world. Aisha’s greatest merit lay in her unfailing; unselfish devotion to the Prophet as a Muslim and as a wife.
She was intelligent enough to appreciate the greatest honour and advantages Allah accorded to her in the role of the wife of the Prophet and Mother of the Faithful.
The Family Life of Aisha
Aisha had a small apartment like so many others around the Prophet’s Mosque and its door opened in its courtyard.
The Prophet used to enter the mosque through this door. The household effects comprised of a bed, a mot a pillow, a water pitcher and a bowl.
Not much had to be done for running the house. Aisha once said that at one time they passed three consecutive months without kindling a cooking fire in the house because there was nothing to be cooked.
They lived only on the ‘two black ones (al-aswadayn) that is dates and water.
Later on after the death of the Prophet when life became much more comfortable, she would find tears come to her eyes every time a good meal was prepared for her.
She would be reminded of the austere life of the Prophet SAW when he often had to go hungry for two or three days consecutively.
The Prophet had to resort to borrowing very often, quite often in order to secure food provisions.
Sometimes the borrowed money was used to prepare for jihad to buy armour or horses.
So hard-pressed were the believers in the initial period that the Prophet had to borrow some money for his marriage with Aisha.
Despite the simplicity of his life, the Prophet’s homes were happy and full of pleasure and delight. They were full of love and happiness.
Aisha was one of the most loved and respected Mothers of the Faithful as well as the most cherished wife of the Prophet.
She played the role of a teacher, jurist, judge, leader and even a military commander!
Aisha Radiyallahu Anha played a unique and vital role in the history of Islam.
She is reported to have narrated more than two thousand, two hundred and ten of the Prophets ahaadeeth and was the most learned person in the sciences of the Qurlan.
She was also the most knowledgeable person in distinguishing between halal and haraam, the lawful and the unlawful.
Aisha Radi Allahu Anhu Death
Aisha RA died when she was sixty-six years old and was buried in ai-Baqeel graveyard in Madeenah.