Darood Sharif is an Islamic complimentary Arabic phrase, which contains the salutation upon Muhammad. In this post, we will learn darood Sharif in English, transliteration and benefits.
What Is Darood Sharif?
Darood Sharif means Salam and salutations upon our beloved prophet Muhammad, may peace be upon him. It is also best known as salawat or singular Salat in Arabic and Islamic sharee’ah. Darood is not an Arabic nor an Islamic term.
Sending blessings upon the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) is one of the greatest acts of worship encouraged in Islam, and it is one of the most beneficial supplications for a person in this world and the hereafter.
It is also one of the requirements of loving, venerating and respecting the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and giving him his rights.
There are several ways to send blessings upon the master of mankind (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), which you can find in the book Sifat Salaat an-Nabi (sall-Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) by al-‘Allaamah al-Albaani (may Allah have mercy on him).
The two ways that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) taught his Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) when they asked him how they should send blessings upon him are among the soundest and most well-known of these ways (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).
These two ways are salatul Ibrahimiyya and the other one.
Darood Sharif in Arabic
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيم إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكَ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ
Darood Sharif Transliteration
The transliteration is Allaahumma salli ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aali Muhammad kama salayta ‘ala Ibraaheem wa ‘ala aali Ibraaheem, innaka hameedun majeed. Allaahumma baarik ‘ala Muhammad wa ‘ala aali Muhammad kama baarakta ‘ala Ibraaheem wa ‘ala aali Ibraaheem, innaka hameedun majeed.
Darood Sharif In English
O Allaah, send prayers upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, as You sent prayers upon Ibraaheem and upon the family of Ibraaheem; You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory. O Allaah, send blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad as You sent blessings upon Ibraaheem and upon the family of Ibraaheem; You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory).”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim (406) from the hadeeth of Ka‘b ibn ‘Ajrah (may Allah be pleased with him).
2 Durood Shariff In Arabic
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى أَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ. وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى أَزْواجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ، كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ. إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ
Allaahumma salli ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala azwaajihi wa dhurriyyatihi kama salayta ‘ala Ibraaheem, wa baarik ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala azwaajihi wa dhurriyyatihi kama baarakta ‘ala aali Ibraaheem, innaka hameedun majeed.
O Allaah, send Your salaah (grace, honour and mercy) upon Muhammad and upon his wives and offspring, as You sent Your salaah upon Ibraaheem, and send Your blessings upon Muhammad and upon his wives and offspring, as You sent Your blessings upon the family of Ibraaheem. You are indeed Praiseworthy, Most Glorious).”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim (407) from the hadeeth of Abu Humayd as-Saa‘idi (may Allah be pleased with him).
The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) did not choose anything but that which is noblest and best.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) chose only what was noblest and best.
It is preferable to vary the phrases used, switching between the versions that have been narrated.
Sometimes reciting one and sometimes reciting another, in order to follow the Sunnah and sharee’ah, and so that always reciting one version does not lead to neglecting another, which is also proven, and because there are many other benefits to doing so that will not be obtained by always reciting one and not the other.
However, it is not recommended to combine and mix these phrases in order to produce a combination of all of them in one; rather, this is against the Sunnah, as stated by a number of scholars.
All of this has to do with sending blessings upon him (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) after the Tashahhud in the prayer.
There are short darood Sharif which are said outside the prayer. They are considered as valid and count as sending blessings upon the messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). And its wording are correct and fulfill the purpose. These include
- Allahumma salli ‘ala Muhammadin wa aali Muhammad. Meaning O Allah, send blessings upon Muhammad and the family of Muhammad.
- Allahumma salli ‘ala Muhammad” or “sall-Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam (may Allah send blessings and peace upon him)” and the like.
Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar stated in Fath al-Baari (11/166) that the majority of scholars think that any wording that fulfills the purpose of sending blessings upon him is acceptable, but in the prayer one should keep to the wording that has been narrated and not omit any part of it, so as to be sure of following the Sunnah and what is narrated from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).
With regard to this wording also, it is restricted to sending blessings (salaah) and not salaam, whereas Allah, may He be glorified, has instructed us to send both blessings and greeting of peace upon him, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Allah sends His Salat (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy, etc.) on the Prophet (Muhammad SAW) and also His angels too (ask Allah to bless and forgive him). O you who believe! Send your Salat on (ask Allah to bless) him (Muhammad SAW), and (you should) greet (salute) him with the Islamic way of greeting (salutation i.e. As-Salamu Alaikum)”[al-Ahzaab 33:56].
The scholars have stated that it is makrooh for a person to always mention salaah (blessings) without salaam (greeting of peace), or to always mention salaam without salaah.
But if he mentions both of them, or mentions salaah on its own sometimes, or salaam on its own sometimes, then he is following the verse.
And Allah knows best.
Adopted from Islamqa website.
Durood Sharif Benefits
- Following the command of Allah.
- Conformity with Allah sending blessing upon him.
- Conformity with the angels sending blessings.
- Receive 10 blessings from Allah.
- Ten levels are raised for the servant.
- Ten good deeds are written for the servant.
- Ten sins are erased from the servant.
- Dua is accepted if preceded with salah on the Prophet.
- Intercession of the Prophet.
- A means for forgiveness of sins.
- Allah will suffice the servant.
- Closeness to the Prophet on the Day of Judgement.
- Reward of charity. A means of the fulfilment of your needs.
- Allah and His angels send blessings upon the servant.
- A means of cleansing and purification.
- Glad tidings of Paradise before death.
- Protection from the terrors of the Day of Judgement.
- The Prophet responds to him.
- A means for the servant to remember what he has forgotten.
- A means of blessings on the gathering and lack of regret on the Day of Judgment.
- A means to repel poverty.
- It repels the description of being a miser.
- Protection from the Prophet’s curse.
- Leads to the path towards Paradise.
- A protection from the stench of a gathering where Allah and His Prophet are not mentioned.
- It completes speech, after Allah’s praise. Abundance of light on the Sirat.
- Protection from hardness of the heart.
- Allah bestows favorable praise upon the servant.
- A source of blessings for the servant himself.
- A means of receiving Allah’s mercy.
- A means to continuously love the Prophet.
- A means of the Prophet continuously loving the servant.
- A means of guidance and a ‘living’ heart.
- The servant’s name is presented to the Prophet.
- The servant’s feet will be firm on the Sirat.
- The servant fulfills a small portion of the Prophet’s right.
- Comprises gratitude to Allah. It is a dua.
Important Of Durood Sharif
Abdurrahman ibn Abi Layla said: “Ka‘b ibn ‘Ujrah met me and said: ‘Shall I not give you a gift I received from the Prophet?’ I replied: ‘Yes of course, gift it to me.’ So he said: ‘We asked Allah’s Messenger saying:
“O Allah’s Messenger, how should we send salah upon you, the members of the family, for Allah has taught us how to send salam upon you?” He replied: “Say:
O Allah, send Your Mercy upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, as You sent Your Mercy upon Ibrahim and upon the family of Ibrahim. Indeed You are the Most Praiseworthy, the Most Glorious. O Allah, bless Muhammad and the family of Muhammad, as You blessed Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim, for You are the Most Praiseworthy, the Most Glorious.” (Bukhari)
The Messenger of Allah said: “The miser is the one in whose presence I am mentioned, but he does not send salah upon me.” (Tirmidhi)