Breaking the fast at sunset during the holy month of Ramadan is a time for reflection and gratitude.
There are du’as that are narrated in the Sunnah which the fasting person may say at the time of breaking the fast also known as Dua for iftar.
In this blog, we will explore the significance of the dua for iftar, its meanings, Hadith and Arabic text.
Iftar Dua In Arabic
Here is iftar Dua in Arabic text
ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ وَابْتَلَّتِ الْعُرُوقُ وَثَبَتَ الأَجْرُ إِنْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ
Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to say this du’a when breaking his fast.
The transliteration is Dhahaba al-zama wa’btalat al-‘uruq wa thabata al-ajr in sha Allah.”
Dua For Iftar In English
The Dua for iftar in English means Thirst is gone, the veins are moistened and the reward is certain if Allah wills.
The Dua was Nlnarrated by Abu Dawud, 2357 al-Daraqutni said, its isnad is sahih. According to scholars, this Dua can only mean after breaking the fast.
However, the du’a “Allahumma laka sumtu wa ‘ala rizqika aftartu (O Allah, for You have I fasted and by Your provision I have broken my fast)” was narrated by Abu Dawud, 2358.
It is a mursal hadith so it is da’if (weak). Al-Albani classed it as da’if in Da’if Abi Dawud, so it is not authentic according to IslamQA.
Hadith On Dua For Iftar
Marwan ibn Salim al-Muqaffa’ said: I saw Ibn Umar holding his beard with his hand and cutting what exceeded the handful of it. He (Ibn Umar) said that the Prophet (ﷺ) said when he broke his fast: Thirst has gone, the arteries are moist, and the reward is sure, if Allah wills.Source: Sunan Abi Dawud 2357
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Benefits Of Dua For Breaking Ramadan Fast
You may also say whatever du’a you want after this dua, not because that is mentioned specifically in the Sunnah, but because it is the end of an act of worship, and it is prescribed for the Muslim to say du’a in that case.
Saying du’a after doing acts of worship is deeply rooted in the Shari’ah, such as making du’a after praying and after completing the rituals of Hajj.
Fasting is not excluded from that in sha Allah. Allah mentioned the verse of du’a and encouraged du’a among the verses that speak of fasting, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.”Surah al-Baqarah 2:186
Importance of making du’a in Ramadan
Pointing out the importance of making du’a during Ramadan, Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:
“Allah tells us that He is close to His slaves and responds to the supplication (du’a) of the one who calls upon Him.
Here He is telling us of His Lordship (rububiyyah) over them and that He gives them what they ask for and He responds to their du’a.
For if they call upon Him that means they believe that He is their Lord… Then He enjoins two things upon them, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.” [al-Baqarah 2:186]
The first is that they should obey His commands to worship Him and seek His help.
The second is that they should believe in His Lordship (rububiyyah) and Divinity (uluhiyyah), and that He is their Lord and their God.
Hence it is said that response to a person’s du’a is indicative of the soundness of his belief and the perfection of his obedience, because the verse of du’a ends with the words (interpretation of the meaning):
“So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.” [al-Baqarah 2:186] (Source: Majmu’ al-Fatawa, 14/33)
Hastening To Break The Fast
There is no reward for delaying breaking the fast, rather it is better to hasten to break the fast as soon as the sun has set; this brings a more complete reward.
Al-Bukhaari (1957) and Muslim (1098) narrated from Sahl ibn Sa’d that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“The people will continue to do well so long as they hasten to break the fast.”
This hadeeth urges us to hasten to break the fast as soon as it is established that the sun has set.
What this means is that the ummah will continue to be in a sound state and they will be fine so long as they continue to adhere to this Sunnah. If they delay it, that will be a sign that corruption has arisen among them.
Things To Break The Fast With
The scholars mentioned that it is best to break the fast with fresh date fruits; if there are no fresh date fruits, one should eat dry date fruits; and if there are no dry date fruits, one should take water.
The Prophet SAW used to break the fast with few fresh date fruits, not many, because it is not appropriate to eat much at such moment since the stomach is still empty.
Therefore, the Prophet SAW would break his fast with fresh date fruits; if there are no fresh date fruits, he would eat dry date fruits; and if there are no dry date fruits, he would take few gulps of water.
This is how to break the fast: fresh date fruits, then dry date fruits, and then water.