Losing a loved one can be one of the most difficult and painful experiences we may face in life. The process of watching someone we care about pass away can be a daunting and emotional time, leaving us feeling helpless and overwhelmed.
During these moments, many individuals turn to Allah to find comfort and guidance. One such practice is reciting a dua for someone dying.
In this blog, we will explore the concept of this dua, its significance in Islam, and the various things that one can done for someone who is in the process of passing away.
Dua For Someone Dying In Arabic
When a person is on the verge of death, becoming unconscious, then we should encourage him to say:
لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّٰهُ
Transliteration: La ilaha illAllah
The general meaning of Dua for dying person is There is no true god except Allah.
Muadh bin Jabal RA reported: The Messenger of Allah SAW said, “He whose last words are: ‘ La ilaha illallah ’ (There is no true god except Allah) will enter Jannah [Abu Dawud]
Abu Said Al-Khudri reported: The Messenger of Allah it said, “Exhort your dying men to recite: ‘La ilaha illallah ’ (There is no true god except Allah).” [Muslim]
The dying person is one whom the angels have come to take his soul. Allah – Glorious and Exalted is He – has appointed over every man angels who guard him during his life and after his death.
Allah – the most High – said:
“For each (person), there are angels in succession, before and behind him, they guard him by the command of Allah.”Surah Ar-Ra ‘d: 11
Allah – Blessed and Exalted is He – also said:
“Until when death approaches one of you, Our Messengers (angel of death) take his soul, and they never neglect their duty.”Surah Al-Anam: 61
When the appointed time of a person comes, angels descend to receive his soul from the angel of death who removes it from the body.
These angels bring along with them a shroud and embalming oil from Paradise if he is a believer, may Allah count you and us among them.
If he is a disbeliever, these angels descend with a shroud and embalming oil from hell fire, we seek refuge with Allah from that.
When a person is on the verge of death, becoming unconscious, then we should encourage him to say: La ilaha illa Allah.
The Prophet SAW said: ‘You should encourage your dying ones to say La ilaaha ilia Allah – There is no god worthy of worship except Allah.’
Scholars say that he should be prodded gently without ordering him to say it. Perhaps, you might tell him: ‘Say: laa ilaaha ilia Allah,’ but he would reply in the negative due to his state of mind at that moment.
The world around him is grim and his heart is dispirited, a state you cannot fathom. We beseech Allah to delight your hearts and ours when we meet Him.
Preferably, you should remember Allah near him by repeating: La ilaaha illa Allah audibly so that he may hear.
Allah might bless him with the opportunity to realize you are urging him and he says: La ilaaha illa Allah.
When he says: La ilaaha illa Allah as his last statement, then he will enter Paradise as mentioned in the hadeeth of Mu’adh – may Allah be pleased with him.
He narrated that the Prophet SAW said: ‘Anyone whose last statement is: Laa ilaaha illa Allah will surely enter Paradise.’
Scholars have stated that once he says La ilaha illa Allah, you should keep silent and avoid saying anything else.
However, if the dying person utters other words such as asking for a drink or water, then you should prod him to say Laa ilaaha illa Allah thereafter.
However, if the dying person is a disbeliever, we may order him to say Laa ilaaha illa Allah. If Allah blesses him to utter it, that is good; otherwise, he remains a disbeliever.
Thus, the Prophet SAW encouraged his uncle, Aboo Taalib, to utter Laa ilaaha illa Allah.
The message of Islam was witnessed by four of the Prophets uncles. Two of them, Hamzah and Abbas, accepted Islam, and one, Hamzah, was better than the other.
The two other uncles of his, Aboo Taalib and Aboo Lahab, died upon disbelief, and one, Aboo Lahab, was worse than the other.
Aboo Lahab harmed the Prophet SAW than other people. Hence, Allah revealed a whole Chapter (Surah Masad) on the Qur’an to document his excesses.
People recite this chapter in their obligatory and supererogatory Prayers.
In spite of the disbelief of Aboo Talib, he showered the Messenger of Allah SAW with love, affection and sympathy.
He held him in high esteem and did everything to protect him but he was deprived of Islam, we seek refuge with Allah from such.
When he was in the throes of death, the Prophet it was with him and so were two other men from the Quraysh tribe.
So, the Messenger SAW said to him: ‘O uncle, say Laa ilaaha illa Allah, a statement by which I will intervene on your behalf before Allah.
However, the two men seated with him said: ‘Would you abandon the path of Abdul Muttalib?’ Perhaps, and Allah knows best, they perceived that he wanted to say Laa ilaaha illa Allah.
So, they said to him: ‘Would you abandon the path of Abdul Muttalib?’ When they said this to him, he was led by arrogance to (more) crime and he affirmed that he was on the path of Abdul- Muttalib.
The last statement he uttered was a statement of disbelief, refuge is with Allah, and then he passed away.
The Messenger SAW said that he interceded for him with Allah and his punishment was lightened.
He was placed in the shallow part of hell where the fire (of hell) was choking him and he was made to wear two sandals which make his brain boils, refuge is with Allah.
If his brain, which is the furthest part of his body from his feet, would boil like water in a pot on fire, what would happen to those parts close to his feet? Definitely they would be worse.
The Prophet H said: ‘Had it not been for me, he would have been in the deepest part of the fire.’
The important point to note here is that the Prophet SAW said: ‘O uncle, say: Laa ilaaha illa Allah! He did not just mention Allah beside him; rather, he said: ‘Say: Laa ilaaha ilia Allah!
This is the most virtuous and worthiest gift for a person: that one urges him to say the statement: Laa ilaaha illa Allah on the verge of death.
This (statement) is equivalent to the entire world. Whenever someone is in the throes of death, hasten in obedience to the command of the Prophet SAW and as a measure of kindness, to urge him to say La ilaha illa Allah.
Perhaps, Allah, Glorious and Exalted, may enable you to utter it at your point of death because the Prophet SAW said: ‘Allah is in the aid of His servant as long as the servant is in the aid of his brother.
Allah alone grants success. Taken from explanation of Riyadus Saliheen.