Lying is for a person to say that which is not in accordance with reality. This may be as a result of narrating an event that never occurred, reporting statement from a person who never said it or similar act.
Thus, falsehood is saying what is contrary to the reality. Here are some hadith about lying in Islam.
Hadith About Lying
Their are many hadith about lying, one of which is this hadith of Abdullah bin Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him).
- Ibn Masud reported: The Messenger of Allah SAW said,
“Truth leads to piety and piety leads to Jannah. A man persists in speaking the truth till he is recorded with Allah as a truthful man.
Falsehood leads to transgression and transgression leads to the Hell-fire. A man continues to speak falsehood till he is recorded with Allah as a great liar.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
- Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As said: The Prophet said,
“Whosoever possesses these four characteristics, is a sheer hypocrite; and anyone who possesses one of them, possesses a characteristic of hypocrisy till he gives it up. (These are:)
When he talks, he tells a lie; when he makes a covenant, he acts treacherously; and when he quarrels, he utters foul language.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
- Narrated Abu Umamah: The Prophet (May peace be upon him) said:
I guarantee a house in the surroundings of Paradise for a man who avoids quarrelling even if he were in the right, a house in the middle of Paradise for a man who avoids lying even if he were joking, and a house in the upper part of Paradise for a man who made his character good.
- At-Tirmidhi narrated that Aishah Radiyallahu Anha said:
No characteristic was more hateful to the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) than lying.
If a man told a lie in the presence of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), he would continue to feel some unrest in his heart until he knew that the man had repented.
- Ibn Umar reported: The Prophet SAW was saying:
The worst of lies is to pretend to have seen something which he has not seen.”
Hadith About Lying In Arabic
- وعن عبد الله بن عمرو بن العاص رضي الله عنهما: أن النَّبيّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ: ((أرْبَعٌ مَنْ كُنَّ فِيهِ، كَانَ مُنَافِقًا خَالِصًا، وَمَنْ كَانَتْ فِيهِ خَصْلَةٌ مِنْهُنَّ، كَانَتْ فِيهِ خَصْلَةٌ مِنْ نِفاقٍ حَتَّى يَدَعَهَا: إِذَا اؤْتُمِنَ خانَ، وَإِذَا حَدَّثَ كَذَبَ، وَإِذَا عَاهَدَ غَدَرَ، وَإِذَا خَاصَمَ فَجَرَ)). متفق عَلَيْهِ.
- وعن ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه قَالَ: قَالَ رسولُ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: ((إنَّ الصِّدْقَ يَهْدِي إِلَى البِرِّ، وإنَّ البِرَّ يَهْدِي إِلَى الجَنَّةِ، وإنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَصْدُقُ حَتَّى يُكْتَبَ عِنْدَ اللهِ صِدِّيقًا. وإنَّ الكَذِبَ يَهْدِي إِلَى الفُجُورِ، وإنَّ الفُجُورَ يَهْدِي إِلَى النَّارِ، وإنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَكْذِبُ حَتَّى يُكْتَبَ عِنْدَ اللهِ كَذَّابًا)).
Commentary of these hadith
The Prophet SAW warned against lying in these hadith.
As for the first hadith, He said SAW: ‘Beware of falsehood’; that is, you should eschew and stay away from lying.
This includes all forms of falsehood.
The statement of the one who says there is nothing wrong in falsehood if it does not harm others is baseless.
Then the Prophet SAW explained that lying leads to transgression; that is, if someone tells lies a lot in his reports, the attribute will lead him to transgression, refuge is with Allah.
Transgression is disobedience, rebellion and sin, and it leads to the Hell.
Then he said: A man continues to speak falsehood and makes falsehood his object until he is recorded with Allah as a great liar.
May Allah protect us from falsehood.
This is because when a person becomes accustomed to falsehood, he begins to lie in everything (he says or does).
Then the label of a liar becomes befitting for him and he will be recorded with Allah as a great liar.
As for the second hadith, Prophet Muhammad SAW saying:
Whosoever possesses these four characteristics, means that anyone who has these four traits is a pure hypocrite.
This is because he possesses all the actions with which the hypocrites are described.
The Second Characteristic: ‘when he talks, he tells a lie.’
When he speaks to people in his speech, he says, ‘So-and-so says such-and- such’ or ‘such-and-such occurred’ or ‘did not happen’, whereas he is only lying.
This is a sign of hypocrisy. There are some people who are afflicted with this disease.
You will find such person lying to people and playing pranks in order to throw them off balance.
When they become confused, he will then say: ‘I am only joking’.
Subhaanallaahl You are joking, and you are lying to people to confuse them!
Some people are afflicted with lying in order to enliven their audience.
The Prophet said:
‘Woe unto he who lies in order to make people laugh. Woe unto him, and woe unto him.
The worst of lies is lying about Allah the Mighty and Sublime and His Messenger SAW.
This is followed by lying about the scholars.
This involves lying about them as regard the Shareeah by saying ‘so-and-so said such-and-such is lawful’ or ‘such- and-such is unlawful’ or ‘such-and-such is obligatory’ while giving false statements.
Then the person becomes a liar against the Shareeah because the scholars are the ones who apply and explain the Shareeah to people.
Therefore, when someone lies about them, people will say: ‘So-and-so scholar said such-and-such’ due to his fabrication.
This is closer to lying about the Prophet Muhammad SAW.
The important point is that whoever lies in his speech possesses one of the characteristics of hypocrisy.
When a person speaks the truth and his tongue becomes accustomed to it, it would lead him to piety, and piety leads to Paradise.
A man continues to speak the truth and makes truth his object until he is recorded with Allah as a truthful man.
We ask Allah to safeguard you and us from falsehood and lying.