The word calamari comes from the Italian for “squid.” In the United States, it generally refers to a battered and deep-fried appetizer served in restaurants, though some people use it interchangeably with the main ingredient, the squid. While many Mediterranean countries serve some variety of squid, it’s also popular across Asia.
The most popular calamari dishes include calamari rings, calamari steaks, deep-fried calamari, and crispy calamari. But what about its halal status? Is calamari halal or harm?
In this post, we will look at the Islamic perspective on calamari and discuss whether or not eating calamari is halal according to Islamic law.
Is Calamari Halal?
Yes, calamari is halal in Islam according to most scholars. Eating all types of sea animals is halal in Islam, according to the majority of jurists. Eating calamari is also halal in this regard. All seafood is halal and permissible to eat according to Sunni (Shafi, Maliki, and Hanbali)
However, it is haram to eat certain sea animals, such as frogs and crocodiles, because there are clear restrictions on these.
Why Calamari Is Halal?
Calamari is halal because Allah and His Prophet (Blessings and peace be upon him) have allowed it. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said that two types of dead animals and two types of blood are halal to eat.
The types of dead animals are seafood which includes squid, squid, octopus, lobster, crab, shrimp, and locusts. The two types of blood are the liver and the spleen.
In the Holy Quran, Allah Ta’ala says:
Lawful to you is game from the sea and its food as provision for youSurah al-Ma’idah: 96
This verse validates that all of the sea animals are permitted to eat wherever and however they are found.
Whatever its name is, whoever catches it, either Muslim or non-Muslim, either it is dead or alive the same rule applies; those animals are lawful (halal) to eat.
Abu Hurayrah reports: ‘A man said: “O Messenger of Allah, we travel by sea and we carry with us some water. If we are to use it for ablution we will be thirsty and without water to drink. Can we do our ablution with sea water?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The sea water is pure, and its dead animals are lawful to eat.’Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, al-Tirmidhi, and al-Nassa’i.
Furthermore, one of Islam’s fundamental principles is that all worldly things are halal unless they are forbidden in Islam.
Eating calamari, squid, crab, octopus, or snail, for example, is not prohibited in the Quran or Hadith. As a result, they are halal.
Neither Allah nor His Messenger excluded any type of fish from this permission and we know that “Allah is never forgetful“, the vast majority of scholars hold the view that all varieties of fish found in water (including the sea, lakes, rivers, ponds, wells, and so on) are permissible for us to consume.
The wording here is general and it should be applied generally.
This was the view of Imams such as Imam Malik, Imam Ash-Shafi`i and Imam Ahmad. It is also the opinion of Imam Abu Hanifah and his two foremost disciples, Abu Yusuf and Muhammad, with regard to all types of fish, including octopus.
Shaikh Assim Al Hakeem, an Imam of a masjid in Jeddah and a graduate of Umm al-Qura University in Makkah, stated that unless Allah mentions a specific food in the Quran as haram, it is safe to assume that it is Halal.
He also mentions that there are foods that are obviously haram. This includes foods that were not slaughtered in accordance to Islamic guidelines.
It is He Who has made the sea subject, that you may eat thereof flesh that is fresh and tender.Surah an- Nahl, 14
With the above aayahs, Allah Almighty grants permission for all sea animals without exception and with no requirement of slaughtering.
In this manner, He makes it easy and comprehensive for His servants. Of course, it excludes anything dangerous, such as poisonous fish and plants that cause an allergic reaction – always putting the health of yourself and others above all else.
Is Calamari Halal in Sunni Islam?
Most Sunni Islamic schools of law (Shafi’i, Hanbali, and Maliki) consider all “sea game” to be halal in principle, with a few minor exceptions. As a result, Allah has made permissible everything originating from the sea that is not tortured or dangerous (harmful), including fish with scales.
Since calamari is not one of the exceptions (it is not tortured or dangerous), it is considered Halal seafood and can be eaten without slaughtering by Shafi’i, Hanbali, and Maliki.
According to Hanafi, it is makrooh, and to Shia it is haram. Essentially, all types of seafood are halal unless they are harmful, poisonous or tortured.
Is Calamari Halal Hanafi?
Many scholars of the Hanafi school consider it haram to eat squid. Some of them consider it Makrooh and some of them even consider it halal.
Because according to Hanafi Madhhab, it is halal to eat only fish from aquatic animals. It is not halal to eat any other animal. As such, since squid is not a fish, it is not halal to eat it.
Other sea or water creatures that are not fish are therefore makrooh. This includes fish with gills (such as prawns, lobsters, and crabs, which are crustaceans), as well as mollusks such as clams, octopus, mussels, and squid.
And because the squid is not a fish, it is Makrooh according to the Hanafi sect.
Can Muslims Eat Calamari?
Yes, Muslims can eat calamari because eating calamari is halal and permissible in Islam.
To summarize, calamari and all kinds of food from the sea such as crabs and shrimps are halal and permissible, whether they are plants or animals, alive or dead. However, there are certain types of water animals which are Haram and forbidden such as crocodiles, frogs, otters and turtles.
There is no proof in the Qur’an or Sunnah directly forbidding calamari. The proofs that have been presented on the opinion of the Hanifi school are very weak.
However, if medical science proves harmful to the human body in the case of any sea animal, then it will be haram. Because Islam does not support anything that is harmful to the human body. Whether it is sea or land.