Al-Adiyat which means The Horses which run swiftly is the 100th chapter of the Qur’an. Surah Adiyat has only 11 ayah or verses. Learn the full meaning and translation of this beautiful surah.
Surah Adiyat Summary
|Number of verses
|The Chargers, The Assaulters
بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
- وَالْعَادِيَاتِ ضَبْحًا
- 2. فَالْمُورِيَاتِ قَدْحًا
- 3. فَالْمُغِيرَاتِ صُبْحًا
- 4. فَأَثَرْنَ بِهِ نَقْعًا
- 5. فَوَسَطْنَ بِهِ جَمْعًا
- 6. إِنَّ الْإِنْسَانَ لِرَبِّهِ لَكَنُودٌ
- 7. وَإِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ ذَٰلِكَ لَشَهِيدٌ
- 8. وَإِنَّهُ لِحُبِّ الْخَيْرِ لَشَدِيدٌ
- 9. أَفَلَا يَعْلَمُ إِذَا بُعْثِرَ مَا فِي الْقُبُورِ
- 10. وَحُصِّلَ مَا فِي الصُّدُورِ
- 11. إِنَّ رَبَّهُمْ بِهِمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ لَخَبِيرٌ
Surah Adiyat Transliteration
- Wal’aadi yaati dabha
- Fal moori yaati qadha
- Fal mugheeraati subha
- Fa atharna bihee naq’a
- Fawa satna bihee jam’a
- Innal-insana lirabbihee lakanood
- Wa innahu ‘alaa zaalika la shaheed
- Wa innahu lihubbil khairi la shadeed
- Afala ya’lamu iza b’uthira ma filquboor
- Wa hussila maa fis sudoor
- Inna rabbahum bihim yauma ‘izil la khabeer.
Surah Adiyat Meaning In English
- By the horses galloping swiftly.
- Striking sparks [with their hooves].
- Raiding at dawn.
- Stirring up therewith clouds of dust.
- Making their way thereby into the midst of the enemy.
- Verily man is ungrateful to his Lord
- And he himself bears witness to that
- And verily, because of his love of wealth, he is stingy.
- Does he not know [what his punishment will be] when the contents of the graves are turned over
- And what is hidden in people’s hearts is brought to light?
- Verily their Lord, on that day, will be fully aware of them [and their deeds].
Where Is Horse Mentioned In Quran?
In surah Adiyat, Allah swears by horses, because of what there is in them of the dazzling signs of Allah and obvious blessings, as is well known to all people.
Allah swears by them in a situation in which no other animals have a share with them, as He says:
By the horses galloping swiftly that is, running swiftly, with energy and vigour.
Commentary Of Surah Adiyat
Here is the meaning of surah Al Adiyat.
Striking sparks [with their hooves] when they step on the rocks; they strike sparks of fire because of the solidness and strength of their hooves (or horseshoes) when they gallop.
Raiding the enemy (at dawn); this is what usually happens: raids begin at dawn.
Stirring up therewith that is, with their galloping and raiding (clouds of dust)
Making their way thereby that is, by their riding (into the midst of the enemy) during their raids.
What is attested to is the words:
Verily man is ungrateful to his Lord that is, he is reluctant to give what his Lord has commanded him to give (of charity and the like).
The nature and character of man is such that he is not inclined to give what he should of dues or to give it in full; rather his human inclination is to be reluctant and not to give dues that are required of him in financial and physical terms, except those whom Allah guides and causes them to change and become willing to pay their dues.
And he himself bears witness to that that is, as man knows himself to be stingy and miserly, he bears witness to that and does not deny it, because it is something clear and obvious.
It may be that the pronoun (he) refers to Allah; in other words, man is ungrateful to his Lord and Allah bears witness to that.
In this there is a stem warning to the one who is ungrateful to his Lord, that Allah is indeed watching him.
And verily, because of his love of wealth, he is stingy that is, man loves wealth very much, and it is his love thereof that led him not to carry out the duties that he should, and to give precedence to his desire for wealth over the dues of his Lord.
All of that is because he is short-sighted and limits his focus to this world, and is heedless of the hereafter.
Therefore Allah says, urging man to fear the Day of Resurrection:
Does he not know that is, why does this deluded one not know [what his punishment will be] when the contents of the graves are turned over?
That is, when Allah brings forth the dead from their graves for the resurrection?
And what is hidden in people’s hearts is brought to light?
That is, what is hidden in people’s hearts, and what is concealed of good and evil, will be made known.
Secrets will be disclosed and the outcome of people’s deeds will become visible on their faces.
Verily their Lord, on that day, will be fully aware of them [and their deeds] that is, He will know about all their deeds, both outward and inward, hidden and visible, and He will requite them for them.
Allah says that He will be aware of their deeds on that specific day, even though He is aware of them at all times, because here the context is one of checking and requital of deeds, which is based on Allah’s knowledge and awareness of their actions.
This is the end of the commentary on Soorat al-‘Adiyat. All praise and thanks are for Allah, and may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon Prophet Muhammad his family, and his Companions abundantly until the Day of Judgement.