Surah Al Zalzalah which starts with Iza zulzilatil surah in English means the quake. It is the 99th chapter of the Qur’an, and composed of 8 verses.
Although it is usually classified as a Medinan surah, the period during which the surah was revealed is not unanimously agreed upon by Qur’anic interpreters.
Iza Zulzilatil Surah In English Translation
- When the earth is shaken with a cataclysmic earthquake.
- And the earth brings forth its burdens.
- And man says: What is the matter with it?
- On that day it will tell all its news.
- Because your Lord will command it [to do so].
- On that day all people will proceed in scattered groups to be shown [the results of] their deeds.
- So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it.
- And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it.
Surah Al Zalzalah Transliteration
- Izaa zul zilatil ardu zil zaalaha
- Wa akh rajatil ardu athqaalaha
- Wa qaalal insaanu ma laha
- Yawmaa izin tuhad dithu akhbaaraha
- Bi anna rabbaka awhaa laha
- Yawma iziny yas durun naasu ash tatal liyuraw a’maalahum
- Famaiy ya’mal mithqala zarratin khai raiy-yarah
- Wa maiy-y’amal mithqala zarratin sharraiy-yarah.
Iza Zulzilatil Surah In Arabic Text
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
إِذَا زُلْزِلَتِ الأَرْضُ زِلْزَالَهَا (١) وَأَخْرَجَتِ الأَرْضُ أَثْقَالَهَا (٢) وَقَالَ الإِنسَانُ مَا لَهَا (٣) يَوْمَئِذٍ تُحَدِّثُ أَخْبَارَهَا (٤) بِأَنَّ رَبَّكَ أَوْحَى لَهَا (٥) يَوْمَئِذٍ يَصْدُرُ النَّاسُ أَشْتَاتًا لِّيُرَوْا أَعْمَالَهُمْ (٦) فَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيْرًا يَرَهُ (٧) وَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ شَرًّا يَرَهُ (٨)
Summary Of Surah Al Zalzalah
|Surah Before||Surah Bayyinah|
|Number of verses||8|
This surah describes a scene from Yawm al-Qiyamah, the condition of the earth and of its people at the time of resurrection.
Its theme is the commencement of the next life and the presentation to man of a complete record of his deeds.
When the earth is shaken with its [final] earthquake # and the earth discharges its burdens, # and man says, “What is [wrong] with it?”
At a decreed time, the entire universe will undergo drastic changes by the command of its Creator.
The earth will be shaken violently and expel everything within it, including the generations of people buried beneath its surface. As in another description:
And when the earth has been extended # and cast out that within it and relinquishedsurah inshiqaq verses 3-4
All people will be evicted from their graves. They will all be recreated and restored to life in the same condition in which they died – as believers or non-believers, virtuous or wicked.
The Messenger of Allah SAW confirmed, “Every servant will be brought back to life in accordance with the state in which he died.”
Finding the earth in turbulence, they will be in wonder and shock, in terror and amazement, crying out in dismay, “What is wrong with it?” But soon enough they will realize that this is the event that was promised by Allah.
His Messenger SAW said, “The earth will throw out its contents, gold and silver [emerging] as columns.
A murderer will come and say, ‘For this I killed.’ One who severed ties of kinship will say, ‘For this I broke the ties of kinship.’
A thief will say, ‘For this my hand was amputated.’ Then they will leave it and no one will take from it anything.
That Day, it will report its news # because your Lord inspired it.
When Allah commands it, the earth will testify to everything that took place upon it during its first creation.
Ibn ʽAbbās and Mujāhid explained the words, inspired it, as meaning: He commanded it to speak.
So then the earth will release its burdens and its information in obedience to Allah.
It was reported that once the Prophet SAW recited, “That Day it will report its news.” Then he said to his companions, “Do you know what its news is?
It will testify to what every man and woman did on its surface. It will say, ‘He did such and such on that particular day,’ and that is its news.”
That Day, the people will come forth, separated, to be shown their deeds.
One interpretation of yaṣduru ashtātan is that the people will depart from their graves, separated into categories according to their beliefs and deeds in the former life.
They will be divided into factions or sects. Another interpretation is that on Yawm al-Qiyāmah they will “emerge separately” from their graves.
People will emerge from the earth individually and then be put into groups. Fearful and anxious, they will stand before the Creator to answer for everything they did in this world.
The groups who denied and disobeyed Allah will be the most terrified, for they will now be certain of His punishment.
A third interpretation is that they will proceed from the place of Judgement to their final abode in groups – those who are miserable and taken to the Hellfire, and those who are joyful and taken to Paradise.
“To be shown their deeds” means that they will be shown the good or evil results of their deeds, or the compensation they will receive for them.
So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it #and whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it.
Allah will judge each person with complete and perfect justice. His deeds will be weighed right before his eyes, and he will see for himself exactly what he deserves.
Nothing great or small will be overlooked. Dharrah has been interpreted to mean the smallest thing imaginable – early commentators have said: a tiny red ant, a speck of dust or a weightless particle.
Everyone will witness as little as an atom’s weight of his good and evil deeds and intentions being placed upon the balance and included in his account.
Therefore, one should never assume any small deed, word or intent – good or bad – to be insignificant.
The Prophet SAW said, “Do not underrate any good act, even if it is offering drinking water from your bucket to one who is seeking a drink, or meeting your brother with a cheerful face.”
And, “Beware of the sins that seem trivial. For indeed they accumulate in a man until they destroy him.”
Iza Zulzilatil Surah Tafseer By As Sa’di
In Surah zalzalah, Allah speaks of what will happen on the Day of Resurrection, when the earth will be shaken and convulse to the extent that all that is on it of structures and mountains will collapse.
So the mountains will crumble and the hills will be flattened, and it will become a smooth, levelled plain, in which you will see no depression or elevation.
And the earth brings forth its burdens that is, what it contains of the dead and of treasures.
And man says, expressing his shock when he sees what happened to it of immense changes:
What is the matter with it that is, what has happened to it?
On that day it namely the earth, will tell all its news that is, it will testify concerning people and what they did on its surface of good or evil.
The earth will be among the witnesses who will testify concerning people’s deeds.
And that will happen because your Lord will command it to do so that is, He will instruct it to speak of what was done on it, and it will not disobey His command.
On that day all people will proceed from the place of standing.
When Allah passes judgement among them, in scattered groups to be shown the results of their deeds.
That is, so that Allah may show them what they did of good and bad deeds, and will show them the appropriate requital thereof.
So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it, and whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it.
This is general in meaning and includes all good and all evil.
Because when he sees the atom’s weight, which is the most insignificant of things, and therequital thereof, then anything greater than that will surely be requited.
As Allah (SAW) says in surah Al Imran, verse 30:
On the day when every soul will find itself faced with all the good it has done, and all the evil it has done, it will wish there were a great distance between it and its evil…
And He also says in Surah Al Kahf, Verse 49
…They will find all they did recorded there…
This verse offers the strongest encouragement to do good, even if it is little, and the greatest deterrent against doing evil, even if it is minor.
This is the end of the commentary on Soorat az-Zalzalah.
All praise and thanks are for Allah, and may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon Prophet Muhammad (May peace be upon him), his family, and his Companions abundantly until the Day of Judgement.