In this post, we will be looking at the meaning and tafsir of surah baqarah last 3 ayat.
Last Three Ayats Of Surah Baqarah In Arabic Text
- لِّلَّهِ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَمَا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِۗ وَإِن تُبۡدُواْ مَا فِىٓ أَنفُسِكُمۡ أَوۡ تُخۡفُوهُ يُحَاسِبۡكُم بِهِ ٱللَّهُۖ فَيَغۡفِرُ لِمَن يَشَآءُ وَيُعَذِّبُ مَن يَشَآءُۗ وَٱللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَىۡءٍ قَدِيرٌ.
- ءَامَنَ ٱلرَّسُولُ بِمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡهِ مِن رَّبِّهِۦ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَۚ كُلٌّ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَمَلَٰٓئِكَتِهِۦ وَكُتُبِهِۦ وَرُسُلِهِۦ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيۡنَ أَحَدٍ مِّن رُّسُلِهِۦۚ وَقَالُواْ سَمِعۡنَا وَأَطَعۡنَاۖ غُفۡرَانَكَ رَبَّنَا وَإِلَيۡكَ ٱلۡمَصِيرُ .
- لَا يُكَلِّفُ ٱللَّهُ نَفۡسًا إِلَّا وُسۡعَهَاۚ لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتۡ وَعَلَيۡهَا مَا ٱكۡتَسَبَتۡۗ رَبَّنَا لَا تُؤَاخِذۡنَآ إِن نَّسِينَآ أَوۡ أَخۡطَأۡنَاۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تَحۡمِلۡ عَلَيۡنَآ إِصۡرًا كَمَا حَمَلۡتَهُۥ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِنَاۚ رَبَّنَا وَلَا تُحَمِّلۡنَا مَا لَا طَاقَةَ لَنَا بِهِۦۖ وَٱعۡفُ عَنَّا وَٱغۡفِرۡ لَنَا وَٱرۡحَمۡنَآۚ أَنتَ مَوۡلَىٰنَا فَٱنصُرۡنَا عَلَى ٱلۡقَوۡمِ ٱلۡكَٰفِرِينَ
Surah Baqarah Last 3 Ayat In English
- To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth. Whether you disclose what is in your minds or conceal it, Allah will call you to account for it. He forgives whomever He will, and punishes whomever He will, for Allah has power over all things.
- 285. The Messenger believes in what has been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the believers. Each [of them] believes in Allah, His angels, His Books, and His Messengers. We make no distinction between one and another of His Messengers. And they say: We hear, and we obey. Grant us Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return [of all].
- 286. Allah does not place on any soul a burden greater than it can bear. For it is what it has earned, and against it is what it has committed. Our Lord, do not hold us accountable if we forget or fall into error. Our Lord, do not lay on us a burden like that which You laid on those who came before us. Our Lord, do not lay on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us, forgive us and have mercy on us; You are our Protector, so help us against the disbelieving people.
Last 3 Ayats Of Surah Baqarah Commentary
Here Allah tells us that to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on earth; He created every one, He granted them provision and He guides them to that which is in their best interests, both worldly and spiritual.
So they are His possessions and slaves; they possess no power to cause harm or bring benefit to themselves and they possess no power with regard to death, life or resurrection.
He is their Lord and sovereign Who controls their affairs on the basis of His wisdom, justice and kindness. He has ordained commands and prohibitions for them and will bring them to account for all that they conceal or disclose.
He forgives whomever He will, namely the one who takes the measures that lead to forgiveness.
And He punishes whomever He will for his sins, the one who did not go through anything that could lead to expiation.
For Allah has power over all things and nothing is beyond Him; rather all people are subject to His control, His will, His decree and His requital.
Last Two Verses Of Surah Baqarah Meaning
Here Allah tells us about the faith, submission and obedience of the Messenger (SAW) and the believers who were with him, and their asking Him for forgiveness.
He tells us that they believe in Allah, His angels, His Books and His Messengers.
This implies belief in everything that Allah has told us about Himself or that His Messengers have told us about Him, namely the attributes of His perfection and majesty, in brief and in detail, as well as the declaration that He is above being likened to His creation and is above any denial of His attributes and above all shortcomings.
It also implies belief in the angels who are referred to in the texts in general terms and in detail, as well as belief in all the Messengers and Books.
That in turn implies belief in everything that the Messengers have told us and everything contained in the Books of stories, commands and prohibitions.
They (the believers) do not differentiate between any of His Messengers; rather they believe in all of them because they are all intermediaries between Allah and His slaves, so disbelief in one of them is disbelief in all of them, and is in fact disbelief in Allah.
And they say: We hear what You have enjoined upon us and what You have forbidden to use(and we obey You in that, and we are not of those who say: We hear and disobey.
Because people will inevitably fall short with regard to the rights of Allah and thus are in need of His forgiveness all the time, they say:
Grant us Your forgiveness that is, we ask You for forgiveness for what we have done of shortcomings and sins, and to erase our faults and to You is the return [of all that is, all creatures will return to You and You will requite them for what they have done of good or evil.
Surah Baqarah Last Ayat Meaning
When Allah revealed the words (Whether you disclose what is in your minds or conceal it, Allah will call you to account for it), the Muslims were distressed by it because they thought that they would be called to account for whatever entered their minds of persistent or passing thoughts.
So in this verse, Allah told them that He does not place on any soul a burden greater than it can bear; in other words, (whatever burden He places upon an individual) is within his capability and He does not overburden him or make things too difficult for him.
Allah says elsewhere:
…He… has not imposed any hardship on you in religion… (Surah al- Hajj 78)
In principle, the commands and prohibitions are not too difficult for people to adhere to; rather they are nourishment for the soul, a remedy for the body and protection from harm.
Allah enjoined these things for His slaves out of mercy and kindness, yet despite that, if something is too hard to adhere to for some reason, He grants concessions to make it easier, by waiving it either completely or partially, as in the case of the concessions made for those who are sick or travelling, and so on.
Then Allah tells us that each soul will be rewarded for what it did of good, and whatever it did of evil will be counted against it; no soul will carry the burden of another and no one’s reward will be given to someone else.
The word which is translated here as earned (,kasaba) flows more easily on the tongue, which indicates that doing good is easier and takes less effort, and as soon as a person forms the intention to do good, the reward begins.
On the other hand, the word translated here as committed (aktasaba) is more difficult to say, which indicates that doing evil is not recorded against an individual unless he actually makes the effort to do it.
As Allah has told us about the faith of the Prophet and the believers who were with him, and that each person will be requited for his actions, and that man will inevitably fall short, make mistakes and forget, He then tells us that He does not place on us any burden greater than what we can bear.
He also tells us of the supplication of the believers to that effect.
The Prophet told us that Allah said:
I have done that,” in response to this supplication.
Our Lord, do not hold us accountable if we forget or fall into error.
The difference between the two is that forgetting occurs when one becomes absent-minded about what he is instructed to do, so he fails to do it because he forgot it.
Error occurs when a person aims to do something that is permissible, then the result of his action is not permissible.
Allah has pardoned this Ummah for whatever they fall into of these two things, out of mercy and kindness towards them.
Based on that, if a person prays wearing a stolen or unclean garment, or he forgot about some impurity that was on his body, or he talks during the prayer because he forgot, or if he does something that breaks the fast because he forgot, or he does one of the actions that are forbidden when in ihram but does not involve killing an animal (this refers to hunting, which is forbidden when in ihram and for which a compensatory sacrifice must be offered), because he forgot, he is forgiven for that.
By the same token, the one who swore an oath not to do something is not regarded as having broken his oath if he does the thing he swore not to do because he forgot.
Similarly, if a person kills someone accidentally or destroys property accidentally, there is no sin on him; rather he is liable and must offer some compensation because of the results of his action, not because of his sin.
Similarly, if a person forgets to mention the name of Allah at times when he should mention His name, it does not matter.
Our Lord, do not lay on us a burden that is, difficult responsibilities t(like that which You laid on those who came before us.
And Allah answered this supplication, as He granted concessions to this Ummah in matters pertaining to purification and different acts of worship, which He made easier in a way that he did not do for other nations.
Our Lord, do not lay on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear.
Allah has answered this supplication also; to Him be praise.
Pardon us, forgive us and have mercy on us. Pardon and forgiveness are acts by means of which one may ward off evil and harm; mercy is that by virtue of which one attains well-being in all one’s affairs.
You are our Protector that is, You are our Lord, Sovereign and God, Whose protection and care for us have never faltered since You created us and formed us.
Your blessing is constantly bestowed upon us at every moment of our lives.
Moreover, You have bestowed upon us a great blessing and marvellous gift, namely the blessing of Islam to which all other blessings are secondary.
So we ask You, O our Lord and Sovereign, to complete Your blessing by helping us against the disbelieving people who have disbelieved in You and Your Messenger opposed the followers of Your religion and disobeyed You.
Help us against them with proof and evidence, and on the battlefield, by causing us to prevail in the land and causing their defeat; bless us with faith and righteous deeds that lead to victory.
Surah Baqarah Last 3 Ayat Benefits
The following Hadiths are on the Virtue of These Two Ayat, May Allah Benefit Us by Them.
Al-Bukhari recorded that Abu Mas`ud said that the Messenger of Allah said,
Whoever recites the last two Ayat in Surah Al-Baqarah at night, they will suffice for him.
The rest of the six also recorded similar wording for this Hadith.
Muslim recorded that Abdullah said,
“When the Messenger of Allah went on the Isra journey, he ascended to the Sidrat Al-Muntaha in the sixth heaven, where whatever ascends from the earth ends at, and whatever descends from above it ends at.
When that covered the lote tree which did cover it! (53:16)
meaning, a mat made of gold.
The Messenger of Allah was then given three things:
The five prayers, The last Ayat in Surah Al-Baqarah and forgiveness for whoever did not associate anything or anyone with Allah from his Ummah.”
There is also Hadith regarding the virtues of Surah Al-Fatihah from Ibn Abbas which stated,
“While the Messenger of Allah was with Jibril, he heard a noise from above. Jibril lifted his sight to the sky and said, `This is a door that was opened just now in heaven, and it was never opened before.’
An angel came down through the door to the Prophet and said, Receive the good news of two lights that you have been given and which no Prophet before you was given:
The Opener of the Book (Al-Fatihah) and The last Ayat in Surah Al-Baqarah.
You will not read a letter of them, but you will be granted its benefit.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.
Taken from Tafseer As Sa’adi.
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