Surah Al Humazah which starts with surah wailul likulli humazah is the 104th chapter of the Qur’an. It means the Traducer, the Gossipmonger and contains 9 ayat.
The Surah takes its name from the word humazah appearing in the first verse. The Main theme in this Surah Al Humazah is the Consequences of man in loss.
It condemns those who slander others, whether by action or speech, and imagine that their own wealth will keep them immune from death, and describes the doom of Hell which awaits them.
Surah Wailul Likulli Humazah In English
- Woe to every scorner and mocker.
- Who collects wealth and [continuously] counts it.
- He thinks that his wealth will make him immortal.
- No! He will surely be thrown into the Crusher.
- And what can make you know what is the Crusher?
- [It is] the fire of Allah (eternally) fueled.
- Which mounts directed at the hearts.
- Indeed, it will be closed down upon them.
- In extended columns.
Surah Al Humazah Transliteration
- Wai lulli kulli hu mazatil lumaza
- Allazi jama’a maalaw wa’addadah
- Yahsabu anna maalahu akhladah
- Kalla layum ba zanna fil hutamah
- Wa maa adraaka mal hutamah
- Narul laahil mooqada
- Al latee tat tali’u ‘alalafidah
- Innaha alaihim moosada Fee amadim mu mad dadah.
Surah Al Humaza in Arabic
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
وَيْلٌ لِّكُلِّ هُمَزَةٍ لُّمَزَةٍ (١) الَّذِي جَمَعَ مَالا وَعَدَّدَهُ (٢) يَحْسَبُ أَنَّ مَالَهُ أَخْلَدَهُ (٣) كَلاَّ لَيُنبَذَنَّ فِي الْحُطَمَةِ (٤) وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْحُطَمَةُ (٥) نَارُ اللَّهِ الْمُوقَدَةُ (٦) الَّتِي تَطَّلِعُ عَلَى الأَفْئِدَةِ (٧) إِنَّهَا عَلَيْهِم مُّؤْصَدَةٌ (٨) فِي عَمَدٍ مُّمَدَّدَةٍ (٩)
|Number of verses||9|
|Names||The gossipmonger, the Traducer.|
|Surah Before||Surah Asr|
The theme of this surah is similar to that of at-Takathur and al-asr in that it portrays the ultimate loss, degradation and despair of those human beings whose only concern is worldly wealth and status.
The surah shows an image of moral decline and how such people will be rendered hopeless and miserable.
Simple Meaning (Tafsir) Of Surah Al Humazah In English.
Gossip, backbiting and the ridicule of others by speech or gesture of the body are all sinful acts which anger Allah.
And He has prepared a severe punishment in the depths of Hellfire for those who engage in it.
Thus, He honors and reassures the believers, conveying to them that He is fully aware of their enemies’ abuse.
And that He will adequately punish them by His own appropriate means.
People who respect others only for what they possess look down on those who have less than themselves.
But Allah has cursed them with a promise of death and destruction, which is the meaning of wayl.
Many scholars have understood that humazah refers to one who insults with words, while lumazah refers to one who ridicules by gestures.
Ibn Abbas said that humazah is one who backbites and lumazah is one who continuously points out people’s shortcomings.
And he said,
They continuously insult and abuse people, [saying], ‘that short man’ or that ugly one.
The self-obsessed one habitually finds fault with people and belittles them.
A wicked vanity drives him to put others down, to taunt and slander them.
He criticizes, attacks their honor, demeans and mocks them with gestures, ridiculing their looks, movements or speech.
Allah is warning His believing servants against such behavior. As He instructed:
O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames.Quran
Wretched is the name [i.e., mention] of disobedience after [one’s] faith.
And whoever does not repent, then it is those who are the wrongdoers.
The one with an attitude of superiority due to wealth is obsessed with obtaining more and more of it.
Hoarding it and calculating for the future, spending it only when he perceives some worldly benefit for himself.
He is deluded by the power of wealth, taking pleasure in counting it again and again, imagining that possessions and property will bring him security and wellbeing.
He forgets about death and never considers that one day he will have to depart from the world with nothing, leaving all his treasures behind.
Or perhaps he expects that by spending from it extravagantly his name and reputation will live on long after his death.
This person has put his trust in creations rather than in the wisdom of his Creator, so Allah blames him for his shirk and is angry with him.
The lesson for believers is that although they should work hard to earn lawfully, they must not become overly preoccupied with wealth and property.
Material possessions are not to be cherished in the heart.
Rather, they should be available in hand to use in ways acceptable to Allah and approved by Him.
But worldly prosperity cannot save wrongdoers from death or from Allah’s punishment.
The reply to those arrogant ones comes in the form of an awesome warning.
Kalla, no! The reality is not at all as they imagine, for they will end up being thrown as worthless rubbish into al-hutamah.
It is the depths of Hellfire, which will crush and break them just as they thoughtlessly broke and destroyed others throughout their worldly lives.
A question is then asked to increase the foreboding:
And what can make you know what is al-hutamah?
It is directed to the Prophet (SAW ) and implies that he can never really know its essence.
The reason is given in the following verses.
Its identification as Allah’s Fire suggests that it is an exceptional, unfamiliar sort of fire, filling one with dread.
It is a fire which will never subside or burn itself out.
From the depths of Hell it slowly and painfully burns its way up the bodies of those who had scorned and mocked the humble servants of Allah.
It climbs higher and higher, targeting the evil hearts which had directed their bodies to offensive and aggressive actions.
Early commentators said that the Hellfire will burn its inhabitants all the way to their hearts while they are alive.
Just as they ate the flesh of others440 by backbiting and ridicule, their flesh will be eaten by al-hutamah.
When the fire of Allah reaches their hearts it will cover, penetrate and burn them, causing unbearable torment; but they will not be relieved by death.
The process will be repeated eternally.
Any hope they might have of escape could only be through the opening from which they were thrown into al-hutamah.
But this hope will be removed as that entrance to the Hellfire is closed and sealed above them, leaving them in utter despair.
Their cries of anguish unheard, they are forgotten and left to suffer therein forever.
The extended columns have been interpreted to be either columns of fire or columns of iron to which are chained the inmates of Hell.