Ya ayyuhallazina Amanu kutiba is a great verse in surah Al-Baqarah ayat 183. We are going to learn the meaning of this beautiful verse, how to write it in Arabic text as well as the explanation/tafsir of the verse from IBN Kathir.
Ya Ayyuhallazina Amanu Kutiba Alaikum Siyam Meaning
Ya ayyuhallazina amanu kutiba alaikum siyam means O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may have Taqwa.
Kutiba Alaikum Siyam Ayat in Arabic
Here is the Arabic text of this verse:
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيۡكُمُ ٱلصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبۡلِكُمۡ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَتَّقُونَ
Ya ayyuhal-ladhīna āmanū kutiba ‘alaykumus-siyāmu kamā kutiba ‘alal-ladhīna min qablikum la‘allakum tattaqūn.
Tafsir by IBN Kathir
The verse contains the order/command to fast. In an address to the believers of this Ummah, Allah ordered them to fast, that is, to abstain from food, drink and intimacy with the intention of doing so sincerely for Allah the Exalted alone.
This is because fasting purifies the souls and cleanses them from the evil that might mix with them and their ill behavior.
Read the Dua for breaking fast.
Allah mentioned that He has ordained fasting for Muslims just as He ordained it for those before them, they being an example for them in that, so they should vigorously perform this obligation more obediently than the previous nations.
Similarly, Allah said:
لِكُلٍّ جَعَلْنَا مِنكُمْ شِرْعَةً وَمِنْهَـجاً وَلَوْ شَأءَ اللَّهُ لَجَعَلَكُمْ أُمَّةً وَحِدَةً وَلَـكِن لِّيَبْلُوَكُمْ فِى مَأ ءَاتَـكُم فَاسْتَبِقُوا الخَيْرَاتِ
Meaning: To each among you, We have prescribed a law and a clear way. If Allah had willed, He would have made you one nation, but that (He) may test you in what He has given you; so compete in good deeds. (5:48)
Allah said in this Ayah:
O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may have Taqwa.
Since the fast cleanses the body and narrows the paths of Shaytan.
In the Sahihayn the following Hadith was recorded:
O young people! Whoever amongst you can afford marriage, let him marry. Whoever cannot afford it, let him fast, for it will be a shield for him.
- Related reading: Ya Ayyuhallazina Amanu Sallu Alaihi Wa Sallimu Taslima Meaning