This post is on the superiority of hastening to break the fast, what to break the fast with and the dua for breaking fast in Ramadan and outside the month of Ramadan.
Dua For Breaking Fast In Ramadan In English
Here is the translation of Dua for breaking fast in Ramadan and outside Ramadhan.
The thirst is gone, the veins are moistened and the reward is confirmed, if Allah wills.
Dua For Breaking Fast Transliteration
The transliteration or pronounciation of this Dua can be found below;
Zahabadth zama u wabtallatil urooqu, wa thabatal ajru in shaa Allaah.
Dua For Breaking Fast In Arabic
Below is the Dua for breaking fast in Arabic Text:
ذَهَبَ الظَّمَأُ، وَابْتَلَّتِ الْعُرُوقُ، وَثَبَتَ الْأَجْرُ إِنْ شَاءَ
When To Say Dua For Breaking Fast
According to Hadith, the prophet, may peace be upon him used to say this beautiful dua after he broke his fast.
Reference for the hadith: Abu Dawud 2/306.
It is proven that when the Messenger of Allah, may peace be upon, breaks his fast he used to say this beautiful dua.
If he broke his fast means any of his fast (obligatory or Sunnah). The Dua is said after breakfast.
However, the du’a “Allahumma laka sumtu wa ‘ala rizqika aftartu (O Allah, for You have I fasted and by Your provision I have broken my fast)” was narrated by Abu Dawud, 2358.
It is a mursal hadith so it is da’if (weak). Al-Albani classed it as da’if in Da’if Abi Dawud, so it is not authentic according to IslamQA.
Hadith On Dua For Breaking Fast
Marwan ibn Salim al-Muqaffa’ said: I saw Ibn Umar holding his beard with his hand and cutting what exceeded the handful of it. He (Ibn Umar) said that the Prophet (ﷺ) said when he broke his fast: Thirst has gone, the arteries are moist, and the reward is sure, if Allah wills.Sunan Abi Dawud 2357
Benefits Of Dua For Breaking Ramadan Fast
You may also say whatever du’a you want, not because that is mentioned specifically in the Sunnah, but because it is the end of an act of worship, and it is prescribed for the Muslim to say du’a in that case.
Saying du’a after doing acts of worship is deeply rooted in the Shari’ah, such as making du’a after praying and after completing the rituals of Hajj.
Fasting is not excluded from that in sha Allah. Allah mentioned the verse of du’a and encouraged du’a among the verses that speak of fasting, as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.” [Surah al-Baqarah 2:186]
Importance of making du’a in Ramadan
Pointing out the importance of making du’a during Ramadan, Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said:
“Allah tells us that He is close to His slaves and responds to the supplication (du’a) of the one who calls upon Him.
Here He is telling us of His Lordship (rububiyyah) over them and that He gives them what they ask for and He responds to their du’a.
For if they call upon Him that means they believe that He is their Lord… Then He enjoins two things upon them, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):
“So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.” [al-Baqarah 2:186]
The first is that they should obey His commands to worship Him and seek His help.
The second is that they should believe in His Lordship (rububiyyah) and Divinity (uluhiyyah), and that He is their Lord and their God.
Hence it is said that response to a person’s du’a is indicative of the soundness of his belief and the perfection of his obedience, because the verse of du’a ends with the words (interpretation of the meaning):
“So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.” [al-Baqarah 2:186] (Source: Majmu’ al-Fatawa, 14/33)
Matters Related To Breaking Fast
The First issue: Hastening to break the fast, but with the condition that sun has actually set.
This is based on the saying of the Prophet Muhammad SAW, as quoted by the author in the hadeeth of Umar bin Al-Khattaab:
“When the night approaches from here (i.e. the east) and the day retreats from here (i.e. from the west) and the sun has set, the one observing fast breaks it.”
One may hasten to break the fast once the sun disk has disappeared even if the sunray is still visible on the skyline.
Hence, you should hurry to break the fast as soon as the disk vanishes as this is the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah SAW, in action and word.
As for his action, the evidence is the hadeeth of Aishah, may Allah be pleased with her, when Abu Atiyyah and M’asruq asked her about two of the companions of the Messenger of Allah;
One of them delays breaking the fast and delays performing the Maghrib prayer, while the other hastens to break the fast and hastens to perform the Maghrib prayer.
So, which of them is correct?
Aishah said, ‘Who is that?’ That is, the one who hastens to break the fast and perform the prayer.
They said, “Ibn Mas’ood, may Allah be pleased with him.”
She said, “This was how the Prophet Muhammad SAW used to do”.
That is, he would hasten to break the fast and hasten to perform the Maghrib prayer.
This is the action- based Sunnah.
It shows that the best is to break the fast early.
As for his word, the proof is the hadeeth of Sahl bin Sa’d (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet SAW said,
“People will continue to be upon goodness as long as they hasten to break the fast.”
As long as people hasten to the Sunnah and make every effort to achieve good, they will be upon goodness and will continue to be all right.
But if they delay breaking the fast, not in haste to do so, then this is evil.
Consequently, the Rafidah, the opponents of the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah used to delay breaking the fast.
They do not break until the stars appear, so they are deprived of the reward and blessing, and deprived of hastening to give the soul its share of food and drink.
They are punished in this world before the Hereafter.
This is because if a person delays eating or drinking while he is thirsty or hungry, for instance, he will only increase his misery.
So they simply hurt themselves by delaying breaking the fast and opposing the Sunnah, and they are deprived of the reward.
Then Ibn Uthaiymeen, may Allah shower blessings on him, mentioned that it is best to
- break the fast with fresh date fruits;
- if there are no fresh date fruits,
- one should eat dry date fruits;
- and if there are no dry date fruits,
- one should take water.
The Prophet SAW used to break the fast with few fresh date fruits, not many, because it is not appropriate to eat much at such moment since the stomach is still empty.
So, you should limit your intake when breaking fast because eating a lot could harm you.
Thus, it is medically inappropriate for one to drink water immediately when breaking the fast as some people do.
Rather, medical study dictates that you put little substance in the stomach because it is empty.
Therefore, the Prophet SAW would break his fast with fresh date fruits; if there are no fresh date fruits, he would eat dry date fruits; and if there are no dry date fruits, he would take few gulps of water.
This is how to break the fast: Fresh date fruits, Then dry date fruits, and Then water.
Fresh date fruits are available even after summertime, all praise be to Allah.
Today, people preserve fresh date fruits in refrigerators and it will last for a time.
So if you find fresh and dry date fruits, it is better to break the fast with the fresh ones; and you should use water in the absence of dry date fruits.
If one does not have fresh and dry date fruits, but possesses bread and water, which of them should one use to break ones fast?
We say, break the fast with water because the Prophet SAW guided us to that; he said,
“For it is pure”, it cleanses the stomach and liver.
Consequently, he instructed us to break the fast with water and he gave precedence to fresh date fruits and dry date fruits because they are more beneficial than water; date fruit is sweet and a source of nourishment.
Some medical experts stated that the date fruit extract is the easiest substance the body can accept among various types of sweetness so it flows to the veins instantly.
This is from the wisdom of Allah, the Mighty and Sublime.
Hence, what is appropriate are fresh date fruits; if there are no fresh date fruits, you should eat dry date fruits; if there are no dry date fruits, you should take water; and if you cannot find water, you should take whatever is easy for you of food and drink.
But if you cannot find anything, perhaps you are in a desert without anything, the intention is sufficient; that is, the fast ends once you have the intention of breaking the fast.
If you come across food or drink afterwards, then this is all right.
Regarding the saying of the Messenger of Allah “When the nightapproaches from here (i.e. the east) and the day retreats from here (i.e. the west) and the sun has set; the fasting person has broken his fast”, some people of knowledge said,
“He has broken his fast” means even if he did not intend breaking the fast.
That is, his fasting is legally over.
Another group says, “He has broken his fast” means it becomes permissible for him to break the fast.
Nevertheless, there is no doubt that it is better to intend breaking the fast even if you do not have what to eat and drink.
In this way, you would have suspended your fasting early by way of intention although you lack the ability to get any food or drink.
As for hastening the Maghrib prayer, it does not mean hastening the observance of the prayer itself, but to make its call early without delay.
May Allah accept our good deeds.