As Salam meaning in English is The Flawless, the Source of Peace. Allah is free of any imperfection in His Being, names, attributes and actions. He is also the One who grants peace and security to all his creation.
As-Salam Meaning In English
As Salam means The Impeccable One or the Flawless One, without any defect.
The one free from all imperfections and deficiencies because of His perfection in His self, His attributes and His actions and the one who renders His creation safe from His punishing anyone who does not deserve punishment and renders the creation safe from His oppressing them.
Allah, Exalted be He, says,
“He is Allah; there is none worthy of worship except for Him; the Sovereign, the Holy, the Source of Peace, the Granter of Security…”(Surat Al Hashr, 59:23)
How Many Times is Al Malik Mentioned in The Quran?
The Name As-Salam occurs only once in the Qur’an as one of Allah’s Names; and this is shown in His saying in surah Al-Hashr verse 23.
But the term in general is mentioned many times, carrying the senses of salutation, safety and security, and as a description of the Garden:
- Surah Al-An’am verse 54
- Surah Al-An’am verse 127
- Surah Yunus verse 25
- Surah Hud verse 48
- Surah Qaf Verse 34
Allah As Salam Meaning And Simple Explanation
According to lbn Manzhur, “As-Salam” is one of Allah’s Most Beautiful Names, having the meaning of freedom from all defects and faults, since it is the source of all perfection and completeness.
It is the freedom from what befalls anyone else, such as annihilation and death, for He is the Absolute, Self-Subsisting, Eternal, Who causes all in the worlds to perish, and He Alone abides everlastingly, for He has power over all things.
According to some learnt men, the Home of Peace, i.e. the Garden of Bliss, is indeed the Home of Allah Almighty, and thus the Peace is Allah Almighty.
It is the Home of peace in the sense that it is the abode of permanent safety which never expires nor perishes, for in it there will be no death, nor oldness, nor ailment, nor fatigue.
It is attributed to Allah Almighty by way of being honoured and glorified.
Peace then refers to one’s salvation from all evil, wickedness, and vileness; and when one’s heart is free from such abominable things, he will then become pure of defects, and ready to receive the reward of being admitted to the Home of Peace, i.e. the Home of Allah Almighty, which is not fitting but for him, who comes to Allah with a pure heart.
Some scholars say that Allah Almighty is called the Peace, because He is the Source of peace which He spreads among all the inhabitants of the earth, in the world and in the hereafter.
He is further the One, Who is completely free from all defects and flaws, for He is the Source of Perfection in Himself, His Characteristics, Names and Deeds.
His Holy Self is free from faults, His Characteristics are far from imperfection, and His Deeds have no evil. in general, every aspect of peace is attributed to Him.
lbn Arabi says that the learnt men unanimously agree upon the fact that “As-Salam” (Source of Peace) is one of Allah’s Names, which refers to the Lord of all security and Perfection.
But their understanding of this concept varies into three sayings:
The first is that He is free from all kinds of defects and flaws. the second is that He is the One, Who is free from injustice towards any of His servants. the third is that He is the One, Who will receive His servants in the Garden with salutation of peace.
According to others, “As-Salam” (the Source of Peace) is Him, Who is free from imperfection, pure of the characteristics of any of His creatures; and in this way, it is similar in its meaning to the Name of “Quddus” (the Holy One).
Al Qushairi says that “As-Salam” is the One, free from all phenomena of deficiency, Who greets with peace His nearest devotees, and from Whose Punishment and Torment the faithful believers are peacefully safe.
Al-Qurtubi concurs him on that meaning, quoting the statement of lbn Arabi. from His Name “Salam” the term “Islam” is derived, that is, one should submit wholeheartedly, and surrender with peace and tranquillity to the Will of Allah Almighty:
If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah), never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good).”
From His Name “Salam” also, comes the salutation which the inhabitants of the Garden will receive once they are admitted:
Peace also is the salutation of the Muslims, in their service, prayer and social relations and treatments, by which they are characterized from among all peoples and generations of Scriptures.
Places Where Salam Is Mentioned
We say in the Tashahhud of the prayer
We also say twice in the End Salutation while turning to the right and to the left, with which they conclude our prayer.
When we finish the prayer we supplicate Allah saying: Allahumma Antas Salam
“O Allah! You are the Source of Peace, and from You Peace (is expected and hoped): Blessed and Exalted be You, Full of Majesty, Glory and Honour!
When one greets another with Peace, one of Allah’s Most Beautiful Names, he, indeed, asks for Allah’s Blessing and Peace to be granted to him; and this always is the conduct of a real Muslim in his social treatments and dealing with others in the community.
It is He, Who greets His servants with peace as shown in His saying:
“Glory to thy Lord, the Lord of Honour and Power! (He is free) from what they ascribe (to Him)! And Peace on the Messengers! And Praise to Allah, the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds.” (As-Saffat 180: 182)
How Does One Acquire The Etiquette Of This Name?
If one wants to have such a characteristic of peace as a part of his conduct, he should contribute in spreading peace and security among the people of his community.
Furthermore, he should be of those inclined to pardon and forgiveness, who avert evil with good.
He also should not deal with the ignorant among people with similar ignorance.
If the Name of Salam also has the meaning of freedom from all kinds of defects and imperfection, then, one should get himself purified, and do his best to promote and edify it, as possible as it could be.
And that’s to release his organs and parts of body from sins, and his heart from impurities, and become cheerfully pleased with Allah Almighty, so that with the help of Him he will be able to upgrade his soul, and to Him he will ascend to the highest degrees.
It is narrated that the right of a Muslim upon his Muslim brother is in three (things):
If he fails to be a source of benefit to him, then, at least, he should not do harm to him; if he could not please him, then, at least, he should not be a cause of grief for him; and if he has no wish to praise him, then, at least, he should not lampoon him.
According to Al-Ghazali, the one, who loves to acquire the characteristic of peace, should, first of all, set his heart free from deception, resentment and evil intentions, to have his organs pure of sins and deeds of disobedience, and to have his merits clear off wickedness and vileness, by making his desires, lusts and temper subject to the control of his mind and wisdom.
It is such as comes to his Lord with a pure heart, and is worthy of being described with peace.