Sadaqa is charity given voluntarily in order to please Allah. Sadaqa also describes a voluntary charitable act towards others, whether through generosity, love, compassion or faith.
These acts are not necessarily physical or monetary. Simple good deeds such as a smile, or a helping hand, are seen as acts of sadaqa. Let’s look at sadaqah in quran verses.
Sadaqah In Quran Verses
Here are some verses of the Quran that talks’ about Sadaqah or charity. The verses are written in Arabic as well as translation in English for better understanding.
- Wishing for charity and spending at the moment of death:
1. Surah Munafiqoon verse 10
- وَأَنفِقُواْ مِن مَّا رَزَقۡنَٰكُم مِّن قَبۡلِ أَن يَأۡتِىَ أَحَدَكُمُ ٱلۡمَوۡتُ فَيَقُولَ رَبِّ لَوۡلَآ أَخَّرۡتَنِىٓ إِلَىٰٓ أَجَلٍ قَرِيبٍ فَأَصَّدَّقَ وَأَكُن مِّنَ ٱلصَّٰلِحِينَ
And spend [in the way of Allah] from what We have provided you before death approaches one of you and he says, “My Lord, if only You would delay me for a brief term so I would give charity and be of the righteous.”
Surely, every person who fell into shortcomings will regret it by the time of his death and will ask for respite, even a short period, so that he does better and attains what he missed.
No, rather what occurred, has occurred and what is coming, shall indeed come. Each will be held accountable for his mistakes.
As for the disbelievers, they will be as Allah said about them,
And warn mankind of the Day when the torment will come unto them; then the wrongdoers will say:
“Our Lord! Respite us for a little while, we will answer Your call and follow the Messengers!”
(It will be said): “Had you not sworn aforetime that you would not leave.” (14:44),
And, Until, when death comes to one of them, he says:
“My Lord! send me back. So that I may do good in that which I have left behind!”
No! It is but a word that he speaks; and behind them is Barzakh (a barrier) until the Day when they will be resurrected.Surah Muminoon: 99-100
- Concealing Sadaqah is better
2. Surah Baqarah verse 271
- إِن تُبۡدُواْ ٱلصَّدَقَٰتِ فَنِعِمَّا هِىَۖ وَإِن تُخۡفُوهَا وَتُؤۡتُوهَا ٱلۡفُقَرَآءَ فَهُوَ خَيۡرٌ لَّكُمۡۚ وَيُكَفِّرُ عَنكُم مِّن سَيِّئَاتِكُمۡۗ وَٱللَّهُ بِمَا تَعۡمَلُونَ خَبِيرٌ
If you disclose your charitable expenditures, they are good; but if you conceal them and give them to the poor, it is better for you, and He will remove from you some of your misdeeds [thereby]. And Allah, of what you do, is [fully] Aware.
If you disclose your Sadaqat, it is well), meaning, “It is well if you make known the charity that you give away.”
Allah’s statement, But if you conceal them and give them to the poor, that is better for you.
This indicates that concealing charity is better than disclosing it, because it protects one from showing off and boasting.
However, if there is an apparent wisdom behind disclosing the charity, such as the people imitating this righteous act, then disclosing it becomes better than concealing it.
The Ayah indicates that it is better that acts of charity be concealed, as reiterated by the Hadith that the Two Sahihs recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said,
Allah will give shade to seven on the Day when there will be no shade but His. They are:
- A just ruler,
- A youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allah,
- Two persons who love each other only for Allah’s sake who meet and part in Allah’s cause only,
- A man whose heart is attached to the Masjids from the time he departs the Masjid until he returns to it,
- A person who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes are then flooded with tears,
- A man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for illicit intercourse with her and says, `I fear Allah, Lord of the worlds’, and A man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given.
Allah’s statement, (Allah) will expiate you some of your sins, means, in return for giving away charity, especially if it was concealed.
Therefore, you will gain goodness by your rank being raised, and your sins being forgiven.
Allah’s statement, And Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do. Means, “No good deed that you perform escapes His knowledge, and He shall reward for it.
- Reward of sadaqah
3. Surah Hadid verse 18
- إِنَّ ٱلۡمُصَّدِّقِينَ وَٱلۡمُصَّدِّقَٰتِ وَأَقۡرَضُواْ ٱللَّهَ قَرۡضًا حَسَنًا يُضَٰعَفُ لَهُمۡ وَلَهُمۡ أَجۡرٌ كَرِيمٌ
Indeed, the men who practice charity and the women who practice charity and [they who] have loaned Allah a goodly loan – it will be multiplied for them, and they will have a noble reward.
Allah the Exalted says: Verily, those who give Sadaqat, men and women,
Allah the Exalted describes the reward that He will award to those who spend from their wealth, whether male or female, on the needy, the poor and the meek,
And lend Allah handsome loan, meaning, they give in charity with a good heart seeking the pleasure of Allah.
They do not seek worldly rewards or appreciation from those to whom they give in charity.
Allah’s statement, it shall be increased manifold, indicating that He will multiply the good deeds from tenfold, up to seven hundredfold and even more than that, and theirs shall be an honorable good reward.
Theirs will be a generous, handsome reward, a good dwelling to return to and an honorable final destination.
- Benefits Of Sadaqah To Orphan and near of kin.
4. Surah Balad verse 11-16
- فَلَا ٱقۡتَحَمَ ٱلۡعَقَبَةَ (١١) وَمَآ أَدۡرَىٰكَ مَا ٱلۡعَقَبَةُ (١٢) فَكُّ رَقَبَةٍ (١٣) أَوۡ إِطۡعَٰمٌ فِى يَوۡمٍ ذِى مَسۡغَبَةٍ (١٤) يَتِيمًا ذَا مَقۡرَبَةٍ (١٥) أَوۡ مِسۡكِينًا ذَا مَتۡرَبَةٍ (١٦)
- But he has not broken through the difficult pass.
- And what can make you know what is [breaking through] the difficult pass?
- It is the freeing of a slave.
- Or feeding on a day of severe hunger. An orphan of near relationship. Or a needy person in misery.
These verses talk about sadaqa To an orphan, meaning, he gives food on a day like this to an orphan.
Near of kin, meaning, who is related to him.
This is similar to what was related in a Hadith that was collected by Imam Ahmad on the authority of Salman bin Amir who said that he heard the Messenger of Allah say,
Charity given to the poor person is counted as one charity, while if it is given to a relative it is counted as two:
- Charity and
- Connecting the ties (of kinship).
- Sadaqah will compensate you.
5. Surah Saba verse 39
- قُلۡ إِنَّ رَبِّى يَبۡسُطُ ٱلرِّزۡقَ لِمَن يَشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِهِۦ وَيَقۡدِرُ لَهُۥۚ وَمَآ أَنفَقۡتُم مِّن شَىۡءٍ فَهُوَ يُخۡلِفُهُۥۖ وَهُوَ خَيۡرُ ٱلرَّٰزِقِينَ
Say, “Indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills of His servants and restricts [it] for him. But whatever thing you spend [in His cause] – He will compensate it; and He is the best of providers.”
And whatsoever you spend of anything, He will replace it. Means, `whatever you spend in the ways that He has commanded you and permitted you, He will compensate you for it in this world by giving you something else instead, and in the Hereafter by giving you reward.’
It was reported that the Prophet said: Allah says: “Spend, I will spend on you.”
In another Hadith it is reported that; every morning, two angels come, and one says,
“O Allah, bring destruction upon the one who withholds (does not spend).” The other one says, “O Allah, give compensation to the one who spends.”
And the Messenger of Allah said: Spend, O Bilal, and do not fear that the One Who is on the Throne will withhold from you.
6. Surah Layl Verse 5-7
- فَأَمَّا مَنۡ أَعۡطَىٰ وَٱتَّقَىٰ (٥) وَصَدَّقَ بِٱلۡحُسۡنَىٰ (٦) فَسَنُيَسِّرُهُۥ لِلۡيُسۡرَىٰ (٧)
As for he who gives and fears Allah. And believes in the best [reward], We will ease him toward ease.
Charity facilitates good deeds for its owner: The virtue of charity is also in facilitating goodness and good deeds for those who give charity, which makes them among the people of Paradise in the Hereafter, in Sha Allah.
The Explanation or Tafseer of the above mentioned verses are adopted from Tafsir IBN Kathir.